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Kshirannamu/Paravannam – A Creamy South Indian Rice Pudding

Table of Contents

Introduction about the dish


Welcome to the world of delectable Indian cuisine, where every dish is a harmonious blend of flavors, spices, and cultural heritage. Today, we invite you to explore the exquisite taste of Kshirannamu, also known as Paravannam, a traditional South Indian dessert that has delighted palates for generations. In this user-friendly guide, we’ll reveal the secrets of crafting Kshirannamu in your own kitchen, allowing you to savor not just a dessert but a culinary journey.

Why Kshirannamu/Paravannam?

Before we dive into the recipe, let’s uncover the reasons why Kshirannamu holds a special place in South Indian cuisine. This dessert is a symphony of simplicity and decadence, combining the creamy richness of milk, the sweetness of jaggery, and the subtle aroma of ghee.

Kshirannamu is more than just a sweet treat; it’s a cultural celebration on a plate. It’s a dessert that graces auspicious occasions, festivals, and family gatherings. The combination of rice, milk, and jaggery results in a velvety, fragrant delight that captivates your senses.

What Sets Our Recipe Apart?

You might be wondering why you should make Kshirannamu/Paravannam at home when it’s available in sweet shops. The answer is simple: homemade Kshirannamu allows you to control the quality of ingredients, the level of sweetness, and the richness of flavors.

Our user-friendly Kshirannamu/Paravannam recipe ensures that you can recreate this classic dessert effortlessly. We’ll guide you through each step, share tips, and provide insights to ensure your Kshirannamu turns out as creamy and delightful as it should be. Whether you’re an experienced cook or new to South Indian sweets, our recipe is designed to guarantee your success.

Join Us in the Kitchen

Throughout this guide, we’ll provide easy-to-follow, step-by-step instructions to make your Kshirannamu/Paravannam-making experience enjoyable. So, gather your ingredients, and let’s embark on a culinary adventure that will fill your kitchen with the enticing aroma of milk and ghee. Let’s create a bowl of Kshirannamu/Paravannam that’s not just a dessert; it’s a tribute to tradition, a symphony of flavors, and a culinary masterpiece that will leave you craving for more.

Prep Time
Cook Time
Total Time

What ingredients do I need to make them?

  • 1/2 cup raw Rice
  • 4 cups Milk (whole milk for creaminess)
  • 1/2 cup Sugar (adjust to taste)
  • 2 tablespoon Ghee (clarified butter)
  • 1/4 teaspoon Cardamom powder
  • A pinch of Saffron strands (optional)
  • Chopped nuts and Raisins for garnish (optional)

Step-by-Step Guide to Making This Kshirannamu/Paravannam

Wash and Soak Rice:

  • Wash the rice thoroughly until the water runs clear.
  • Soak the rice in enough water for 10 minutes, then drain.

Cook Rice:

  • In a heavy-bottomed pan, add the soaked rice and 2 cups of milk.
  • Cook on low heat, stirring frequently, until the rice becomes soft and mushy. This should take about 15-20 minutes.

Add Sugar and Ghee:

  • Add sugar and ghee to the cooked rice mixture.
  • Continue to cook and stir until the sugar dissolves completely and the mixture thickens.

Add Cardamom and Saffron:

  • Add cardamom powder and saffron strands (if using). Mix well to incorporate the flavors.

Cook Until Thickened:

  • Gradually add the remaining milk and continue to cook, stirring, until the Kshirannamu thickens to your desired consistency. This should take about 10-15 minutes.

Garnish and Serve:

  • Remove the Kshirannamu from heat and let it cool slightly.
  • Garnish with chopped nuts and raisins if desired.
  • Serve this creamy South Indian rice pudding warm or at room temperature.

Tips for an Efficient Preparation of this dish

  • Rinse the rice until the water runs clear to remove excess starch.
  • A heavy-bottomed pan prevents the rice from sticking to the bottom.
  • Stirring prevents the rice from clumping and ensures even cooking.

What is the Nutritional content of this dish?

250 kcalCalories
40 gCarbs
8 gFats
7 gProteins
1 gFibre
4 gSFA
10 mgCholesterol
100 mgSodium
150 mgPotassium
20 gSugar

Note: Nutrition values can vary depending on ingredients and portion sizes, so it’s essential to check specific labels or recipes for accurate nutritional information.

Conclusion: Enjoying Your Homemade Food

Kshirannamu or Paravannam is a soul-soothing South Indian rice pudding that brings together the comforting flavors of rice, milk, and aromatic spices. With our efficient recipe and tips, you can easily recreate this traditional dessert at home and savor its creamy goodness.

Frequently Asked Questions

The shelf life of Paravannam, a traditional South Indian sweet dish, can vary based on storage conditions and ingredients used in its preparation. Generally, Kshirannamu is best consumed within a day or two for optimal freshness and flavor.

Factors affecting the shelf life:

1. Ingredients: The main ingredients in Kshirannamu include rice, milk, jaggery, and ghee. While rice and milk can contribute to a shorter shelf life, the use of jaggery (unrefined cane sugar) and ghee (clarified butter) acts as natural preservatives.

2. Refrigeration: Storing Kshirannamu in the refrigerator can help extend its shelf life. The cold temperature slows down the growth of microorganisms, preserving the dish for a longer duration.

3. Avoiding Contamination: Ensure the Kshirannamu is stored in a clean, airtight container to prevent contamination and maintain its freshness.

4. Texture Changes: Over time, Kshirannamu may thicken in the refrigerator due to the rice absorbing moisture. Adjust the consistency by adding more milk when reheating.

Tips for storage:

– Refrigeration: Store Kshirannamu in a covered container in the refrigerator to prevent it from drying out and to maintain its creamy texture.


– Avoid Freezing: Freezing Kshirannamu/Paravannam is not recommended as freezing can alter the texture of the dish upon thawing.

– Short-Term Storage: While Kshirannamu is best enjoyed fresh, it can be stored for a short period in the refrigerator. Reheat it gently on the stovetop or in the microwave before serving.

– Monitor Smell and Appearance: Before consuming leftover Kshirannamu, check for any off smells or changes in appearance. If it looks or smells unpleasant, it’s advisable not to consume it.

By following these storage tips and considering the mentioned factors, you can ensure that Paravannam maintains its quality and flavor for the duration of its shelf life.

Choosing the right type of rice is crucial for making delicious and authentic Paravannam, a traditional South Indian sweet dish. The ideal rice variety for preparing Kshirannamu or Paravannam is Sona Masuri rice or Raw Rice. Here’s why:

1. Short-Grain Variety: Sona Masuri rice is a short-grain rice variety, known for its soft and fluffy texture when cooked. The short grains contribute to the creamy consistency of Kshirannamu.

2. Aromatic Qualities: Sona Masuri rice has a subtle aroma that complements the dish’s sweetness without overpowering it. This makes it well-suited for traditional Indian sweets.

3. Absorption of Flavors: Sona Masuri rice can absorb the flavors of the milk, jaggery, and ghee used in Kshirannamu, resulting in a rich and aromatic dessert.

4. Cooks to Perfection: The starch content in Sona Masuri rice helps achieve the desired thickness and creaminess in the Kshirannamu, creating a satisfying mouthfeel.

When selecting rice for Kshirannamu, opt for good-quality Sona Masuri rice or any high-quality Raw Rice available in your region. Ensure that the rice is clean and free from impurities before use.

To prepare Kshirannamu or Paravannam, rinse the rice thoroughly, soak it for a few hours, and then cook it with milk, jaggery, and ghee until it reaches a smooth and creamy consistency. This choice of rice enhances the overall taste and texture of the traditional South Indian sweet, making it a delightful treat.

For those looking to explore alternatives to regular cow’s milk in Kshirannamu or Paravannam, a traditional South Indian sweet dish, several dairy-free options can be used to achieve a similar creamy and luscious texture. Here are some alternatives:

1. Coconut Milk: Coconut milk is a popular choice for adding a rich and tropical flavor to Kshirannamu or Paravannam. It complements the sweetness of the dish and contributes a unique taste. Use either canned coconut milk or fresh coconut milk for best results.

2. Almond Milk: Almond milk is a nutty and slightly sweet option that works well in Kshirannamu. It is lighter than coconut milk and adds a subtle almond flavor to the dessert. Choose unsweetened almond milk for better control over the sweetness of the dish.

3. Cashew Milk: Cashew milk provides a creamy and smooth texture to Kshirannamu. It has a neutral flavor, allowing the other ingredients like jaggery and rice to shine. Consider using unsweetened cashew milk for a more natural sweetness.

4. Soy Milk: Soy milk is a versatile option that can be used in Kshirannamu. It has a mild taste and a creamy consistency, making it a suitable alternative. Opt for unsweetened soy milk to regulate the sweetness of the dessert.

5. Oat Milk: Oat milk is gaining popularity as a dairy-free milk substitute. It has a naturally sweet flavor and a thick consistency, making it a good choice for Kshirannamu. Choose unsweetened oat milk for better control over sweetness.

When using these alternatives, it’s essential to consider the individual taste preferences and dietary restrictions of those enjoying the dessert. Additionally, adjust the sweetness levels accordingly, as some non-dairy milk options may come sweetened. Experiment with different options to find the one that best complements your desired flavor profile for Kshirannamu.

Certainly! Kshirannamu, or Paravannam, a traditional South Indian rice pudding, offers a versatile canvas for customization with additional ingredients. While the basic recipe involves rice, milk, and jaggery, you can enhance its flavor and texture by incorporating various complementary elements. Here are some creative additions to consider:

1. Nuts and Dry Fruits: Chop and add a variety of nuts such as almonds, cashews, pistachios, and walnuts. Additionally, include dry fruits like raisins, chopped dates, or figs to introduce a delightful crunch and natural sweetness.

2. Cardamom and Saffron: Infuse the dessert with aromatic spices like cardamom and saffron. Crush cardamom pods and add the seeds for a warm, citrusy flavor. Saffron strands can be steeped in warm milk before adding to impart a rich golden hue and a subtle floral note.

3. Coconut: Grated or desiccated coconut can bring a tropical twist to Kshirannamu. Stir it into the pudding or sprinkle on top for added texture and a hint of coconut flavor.

4. Ghee: A touch of clarified butter (ghee) can contribute richness and depth to the dish. Sautéing nuts in ghee before adding them to the pudding can intensify their flavors.

5. Fruits: Include fruits like mango slices, banana chunks, or pomegranate seeds for a burst of freshness and natural sweetness. These additions not only enhance the taste but also introduce vibrant colors.

6. Rose Water or Kewra Essence: For a fragrant note, consider adding a few drops of rose water or kewra essence. These floral extracts can elevate the overall sensory experience of the dessert.

7. Condensed Milk: If you prefer a creamier and sweeter profile, a small amount of condensed milk can be added. Adjust the quantity based on your desired level of sweetness.

Remember to balance the additional ingredients to maintain the traditional essence of Kshirannamu while adding your unique touch. Feel free to experiment with these suggestions or combine them to create a personalized version of this delectable South Indian sweet dish.

Certainly! Suppose you’re looking for alternatives to jaggery in Kshirannamu or Paravannam, a traditional South Indian rice pudding. In that case, there are several sweeteners you can use to achieve a similar sweetness. Here are some alternatives to jaggery:

1. Sugar: The most common substitute for jaggery is refined sugar. You can adjust the quantity based on your sweetness preference. Start with a smaller amount and add more if needed, tasting as you go.

2. Palm Sugar: Also known as jaggery made from palm sap, palm sugar is a natural sweetener with a unique flavor profile. It has a caramel-like taste that can complement the dish well.

3. Maple Syrup: Maple syrup is an excellent alternative for a distinct and rich sweetness. Remember that it has a distinct flavor, so it may impart a subtle maple taste to the Kshirannamu.

4. Honey: Another natural sweetener, honey, can be used to sweeten the rice pudding. It has a different flavor profile, so consider the taste compatibility with the other ingredients.

5. Agave Nectar: Agave nectar is a liquid sweetener with a mild taste. It’s a good option for those looking for a sweetener with a lower glycemic index.

6. Coconut Sugar: Made from the sap of coconut trees, coconut sugar has a caramel-like taste similar to jaggery. It’s a natural sweetener that can be used as a substitute.

7. Date Syrup: Made from dates, date syrup is a sweet and thick liquid that can add a rich sweetness to Kshirannamu. It also provides a hint of the date’s natural flavor.

When using these alternatives, adjusting the quantity based on your taste preferences is essential. Start with a smaller amount, taste, and add more if needed. Remember that each sweetener has its distinct flavor, so choose one that complements the overall taste of the rice pudding.

Kshirannamu, also known as Paravannam, is traditionally served warm. This South Indian rice pudding is enjoyed as a comforting and nourishing dish when served at a slightly elevated temperature. The warmth enhances the flavors and aromas, making it a delightful and soothing dessert.

The warm serving temperature is customary and helps maintain the smooth and creamy texture of the rice pudding. The aromatic blend of rice, milk, and sweeteners becomes more pronounced when the dish is served warm, providing a satisfying experience for those indulging in this traditional delicacy.

While there might be variations in personal preferences, serving Kshirannamu warm is a common practice to appreciate its taste and richness fully. The warmth adds a comforting element, making it a perfect conclusion to a meal or a standalone sweet treat.

To prevent the rice from sticking to the bottom of the pot when making Kshirannamu, follow these steps for successful preparation:

1. Rinse the Rice: Before cooking, thoroughly rinse the rice under cold running water. This helps remove excess starch, which can contribute to sticking. Continue rinsing until the water runs clear.

2. Soak the Rice: Allow the rinsed rice to soak in water for about 30 minutes. This helps soften the rice for a creamier texture and reduces the chances of sticking during the cooking process.

3. Non-Stick Pot or Pan: Use a non-stick pot or deep pan to prepare Kshirannamu. The non-stick surface minimizes the chances of the rice sticking to the bottom.

4. Low to Medium Heat: Cook the rice pudding over low to medium heat. Cooking over high heat increases the likelihood of sticking. Slow and steady cooking ensures even heat distribution.

5. Frequent Stirring: Regularly stir the rice during the cooking process. Stirring prevents the rice from settling at the bottom and sticking. Be gentle to avoid breaking the rice grains.

6. Add Enough Liquid: Ensure that there is sufficient liquid (milk or water) to cover the rice. This helps create a creamy consistency and prevents the rice from sticking.

7. Use a Thick-Bottomed Pot: Opt for a pot with a thick bottom. This helps distribute heat evenly, reducing the chances of the rice sticking or burning.

8. Monitor Heat: Keep a close eye on the heat while cooking. Adjust the temperature as needed to maintain a gentle simmer without rapid boiling.

9. Grease the Pot: Lightly grease the bottom of the pot with ghee or cooking oil before adding the rice and liquid. This provides an additional layer to discourage sticking.

By following these steps, you can minimize the risk of the rice sticking to the bottom of the pot and achieve a smooth, delicious Kshirannamu.


At Recipe2eat, we’re passionate about home cooking and its numerous benefits. We understand that cooking at home is not just about preparing delicious meals; it’s about nurturing a healthier lifestyle, fostering creativity in the kitchen, and bringing families and friends together over a shared meal. Our mission is to inspire and guide you on your culinary journey, making home cooking a delightful and rewarding experience.

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